20th Century

We come to the mighty 20th century where we are at our peak or are we? surely after all that the Renaissance gave us we could not expand anymore? Well we did. Heres how! 

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The British Empire was now at its peak during the early 20th century affecting over a fourth of the worlds population. It was because of their great riches and highly trained armies that the British Empire was as strong as they were, in fact they were even greater than the ancient Roman Empire. 

So why was the British Empire so powerful and successful? Well because of money and the powerful army? Well yes but not exactly because Britain had not just relied on their army to control a vast amount of land and money, they relied on their politics and trading schemes to become so successful.   It was also so good because they were making the world a better place, they were invented new technologies all the time and different ways of using them.

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So how did the great empire end? It was mainly due to the WW2 as Britain would fight off countries they could no longer keep control of so many countries and were forced to surrender the land. Also the UK( United kingdom) was financially exhausted and heavily in debt to the U.S, whom capitalised on the opportunity and threatened to abandon the empire by threat of economic  collapse.

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World war 1 1914-1918 a tragic 4 years with millions of people dying, but ironically a huge step for  many nations to increase their technologies, because the world was at war countries expanded their warfare tech and kept it to themselves because of that when the war ended the technology that we had created for war was then used for other stuff, such as the medicines that were created to cure illness and pain. 

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Then we have the great depression which meant the world was in a stand still and recovering from the war, this was because of the amount of debt most countries were in and their nations were rationing foods. This was though a great time for British cinema as there was no TV and everyone was depressed people would come to the cinema to get a feel of escapism just for that short amount of time everything in that cinema would be happy. 

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Unfortunately not long after, WW2 began in 1939-1945 which had the world in chaos this war lasted 6 horrible years and it was the German Nazis that had the world on their knees with their leader Adolf Hitler on top over seeing the destruction. It was only until 1 brave nation stood up in 1 last heroic stand, Great Britain a small Island with a small army, but this was the highest trained, most skilful army in the world, with the help of Britain the world was once again restored to peace, but only after 60 million people had died, over 2.5% of the worlds population. 

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Just as WW1 gave us new medicines WW2 gave us so much more, in the long 6 years that the world was fighting we had created mobile telecommunications and so much more! Mobile telecommunications was used by the army to communicate and tell each other information but as the war ended, inventors decided to use it for everyday life, now communication in Britain could not have been easier.

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Then you have the cold war 1947-1991 lasting a huge 44 years! Even so this was a 44 year battle not much actually happened as it was pretty much a stand still between Russia and America, both threatening to use nuclear warfare which would end civilisation as we know it. The cold war inspired many writers and movie directors to create amazing movies, the one that comes to mind is 007 movies.

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So we come to the creation of film in 1894 this was a great invention as through the great depression film actually helped people escape from their dreadful lives. Thomas Edison is responsible for the first film to be made using the kinetoscope, this was the first ever movie to be copyrighted. 

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Then we have stop motion animation in 1899 created by J. Stuart Blackton. He was a Hollywood film maker and he made the movie Enchanted Drawing which had the first ever stop motion animation sequence and it was because of this he is considered to be the ‘Father’ of American animation.

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In 1907,1920 and 1931 full colour photos were invented, Radio was invented and so was paperback books. These all had huge affects, the full colour photographs changed photography forever by allowing us to see colour though the images, this also made this whole photography process much more expensive, Radio was another communication method but it was much more informative and was used to tell the nation/world what the latest news was. Then we have the first ever paperback book which was great for readers but was still quite expensive. 

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Then we have television created in 1950 and available for the public, television was now a main way to get across entertainment and news therefore cinema views went down. 

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Then we have the information age which is also known as the Computer age or the Digital age, this was the age where people could send information freely and access information instantly though the usage of computers. 

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Then from the Computer age we have the World Wide Web, created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee is used by millions of people everyday it is a way to send information, access information, view videos, work, communicate and pretty much do what ever you want with it. 

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